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Archaeobotanical analysis of the Viking Age site Heimdalsjordet, Gokstad, Norway: A comparative study to species compositions and differences in preservation in south Scandinavia during the Viking Age
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this thesis the plant macrofossil remains from the site Heimdalsjordet, nearby the Gokstad ship burial, are analysed on their species compositions and their relation to the depositional and preser- vational context. The majority of the botanical samples from this site have been derived from un- specified ditches, and the main means of preservation was carbonisation. This has yielded a high quantity of cereal grains, predominantly barley, and a fairly small weed assemblage.The results of this site are compared to the botanical assemblages from various other Viking Age sites in south Scandinavia. By comparing the material from Gokstad to the material found at the other sites, sometimes preserved under different conditions, it is possible to establish patterns in site func- tion and the place of the site within a bigger network of trade and import. Furthermore are the re- sults of the Scandinavian sites compared to a Dutch site, Dorestad, to get a view on the Viking Age on continental Europe.The analyses have showed that the plant macrofossil assemblage is not specifically rich, as compared to other sites, such as Hedeby and Kaupang. This lower diversity can be the result of various factors, including the position of the site in trade networks as well as the preservation conditions at the sites. Whereas the samples from Heimdalsjordet have been preserved by carbonisation, Hedeby and Kau- pang yielded samples that were derived from waterlogged contexts, such as wells and latrines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 60 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94627OAI: diva2:786780
Educational program
Master's Programme in Environmental Archaeology
Available from: 2015-02-06 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2015-02-06Bibliographically approved

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