To evaluate treatment outcome in a large population-based cohort of patients with anal cancer treated according to Nordic guidelines.
Clinical data were collected on 1266 patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed from 2000 to 2007 in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. 886 of the patients received radiotherapy 5464 Gy with or without chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin or mitomycin). according to different protocols, stratified by tumor stage.
High age, male gender, large primary tumor, lymph node metastases, distant metastases, poor performance status, and non-inclusion into a protocol were all independent factors associated with worse outcome. Among patients treated according to any of the protocols, the 3-year recurrence-free survival ranged from 63% to 76%, with locoregional recurrences in 17% and distant metastases in 11% of patients. The highest rate of inguinal recurrence (11%) was seen in patients with small primary tumors, treated without inguinal irradiation.
Good treatment efficacy was obtained with Nordic, widely implemented, guidelines for treatment of anal cancer. Inguinal prophylactic irradiation should be recommended also for small primary tumors. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
2014. Vol. 113, no 3, 352-358 p.