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Interpersonal problems and personality factors: a correlations study
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to link aspects of personality and interpersonal functioning together by studying correlations between the five-factor personality traits and interpersonal circumplex dimensions measured with the instruments IIP-C and HP5i. The sample population studied consisted of n=388 clients gathered from the database of a student training clinic. Results showed distress to be positively correlated with all personality factors except for Hedonism. Agency was positively correlated with Hedonism, Impulsivity and Antagonism and negatively with Negative affectivity. Communion was positively correlated with Hedonism and negatively with Alexithymia and Antagonism. This is partly in accordance with and partly contradicting previous research. Contradictions might be due to differences between subject groups and inherent discrepancies between the instrument used to measure personality and more classic five-factor instruments. The relation between personality and interpersonality needs to be studied further with a wider range of sample populations and the inconclusive results from previous research call for much more research into the field in general.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att koppla samman koncepten personlighet och interpersonellt fungerande genom att studera korrelationer mellan femfaktormodellens personlighetsfaktorer och de interpersonella cirkumplexa dimensionerna mätta med instrumenten HP5i respektive IIP-C. Den studerade urvalsgruppen bestod av n=388 klienter hämtade från en studentkliniks databas. Resultatet påvisade att den generella faktorn - distress var positivt korrelerad med alla personlighetsfaktorer förutom Hedonism. Agency var positivt korrelerad med Hedonism, Impulsivitet och Antagonism och negativt med Negativ affektivitet. Communion var positivt korrelerad med Hedonism och negativt med Alexitymi och Antagonism. En del av resultaten stödjer och en del motsäger tidigare forskning på området. Motsägelserna kan bero på skillnader mellan grupper av försökspersoner samt inneboende skillnader mellan det instrument som använts för att mäta personlighet och mer klassiska femfaktorsinstrument. Relationen mellan personlighet och interpersonlighet behöver studeras ytterligare med en större bredd på urvalsgrupper och då resultat från tidigare forskning är tvetydig behövs mer forskning på området i allmänhet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100203OAI: diva2:790675
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-02-25 Created: 2015-02-25 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

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