Musculoskeletal discomfort of music teachers: an eight-year perspective and psychosocial work factors
1998 (English)In: International journal of occupational and environmental health, ISSN 1077-3525, Vol. 4, no 2, 89-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Musicians at all levels of performance, especially string players, are known to have a high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The disorders seem to be most common in the neck, shoulders and low back. In 1988, a survey of the work-related musculoskeletal disorders of 36 music teachers was carried out at a music school in northern Sweden. In 1996, the teachers were reinvestigated. The study also included an investigation of the psychosocial work environment according to the Karasek demand-control theory, as well as measurements of upper-arm elevation during a working day in five violin teachers. The results showed that music teachers, like other professional musicians, often experience discomfort in the neck, shoulders, and low back. The discomfort tended to be of long duration, increasing over the years. The psychosocial work environment was characterized by high psychological demands and low authority over decisions. This was compensated for through good social support. The work required skill and creativity but was monotonous. The measurements of upper-arm elevation indicated considerable variations in shoulder positions between teachers. There were also differences in the work done with the right and left arms, with repetitive motions more commonly involving the right arm. Approximately a fourth of the working day was spent with the arm elevated 30-90 degrees. The relationships between upper-arm movements and ratings of discomfort were moderate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Forlaget Thomson, 1998. Vol. 4, no 2, 89-98 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100314ISI: 10026470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100314DiVA: diva2:791383