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Samband mellan personlighet och riskbeteende: En jämförelse mellan ungdomar placerade inom tvångsvård och en normalpopulation
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Personlighetsdrag har visat sig vara betydelsefullt för att förstå riskbeteenden hos individer, där drag av impulsivitet, aggressivitet samt umgängesbehov har kopplats till hög frekvens av risktagande. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka skillnader med avseende på personlighet mellan två grupper av ungdomar från en normal- respektive en klinisk population. Den kliniska gruppen bestod av 22 ungdomar placerade inom SiS – institutioner. Jämförelsegruppen bestod av 111 ungdomar från fyra olika gymnasieklasser. Personlighetdrag skattades enligt en översatt version av ZKPQ – 50 – CC och riskbeteende undersöktes med ett formulär baserat på YRBS. Oberoende t-tester visade på signifikanta skillnader mellan grupperna avseende riskbeteende och förväntade personlighetsdrag. Högre skattningar på dessa personlighetsdrag visade även på samband med ökat antal riskbeteenden. Resultaten visade även på ett icke-förväntat samband mellan höga drag av ångest och ökat antal riskbeteenden. Utöver att resultaten styrker hypotesen om sambandet mellan vissa personlighetsdrag och riskbeteenden, påvisades även att detta samband är starkare för individer med högre skattningar för dessa drag. Det samband som påvisades mellan drag av ångest och riskbeteenden diskuteras utifrån studiens ungdomsfokus och den normativa utveckling som dessa genomgår.

 

Abstract [en]

Personality traits have been shown to be important for understanding risk behaviors in individuals, where traits of impulsivity, aggression and socializing needs has been linked to high rates of risk-taking. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in personality between two groups of young people from a normal- and a clinical population. The clinical group consisted of 22 adolescents placed in the SiS - institutions. The comparison group consisted of 111 adolescents from four different high school classes. Personality traits were estimated according to a translated version of ZKPQ - 50 - CC and risk behavior was examined with a form based on the YRBS. Independent t-tests showed significant differences between groups in risk behavior and projected personality traits. Higher estimates of these personality traits also showed association with an increased number of risk behaviors. The results also showed a non-expected correlation between high traits of anxiety and increased risk behavior. In addition, results confirmed the hypothesis that there is a connection between certain personality traits and risk behaviors, was also demonstrated that this correlation is stronger for individuals with higher estimates for these traits. The relationship between the trait of anxiety and risk behaviors was discussed based on the study's focus on youth and the normative development which they are undergoing.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100359OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100359DiVA: diva2:791724
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-03-02 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Samband mellan personlighet och riskbeteende(655 kB)272 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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