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A Baltic mystery
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. (EcoChange; UMFpub)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (EcoChange)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2014 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

HNPs are produced by macroalgae (seaweeds), phytoplankton, worms, sponges and other marine organisms. HNPs in the Baltic comprise halocarbons, bromophenols and their transformation products, and other compounds with diverse chemical structures. The HNPs derived from bromophenols are widespread in Baltic algae, fi sh and mussels, and include bromoanisoles, hydroxylated and methoxylated bromodiphenyl ethers (OH- and MeO-BDEs) and polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs). Some of these also have anthropogenic origins; bromophenols are used as industrial compounds, while MeO-BDEs and OH-BDEs are metabolites and photolysis products of polybrominated diphenyl ether fl ame retardants. Nonetheless, radiocarbon-14 dating has shown that most of the OH-BDEs and MeO-BDEs found in marine mammals and sponges are natural. The bromophenolderived HNPs have toxic properties which add to the ‘soup’ of anthropogenic toxic chemicals present in the Baltic.

Place, publisher, year, pages
2014.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100363DiVA: diva2:791759
Available from: 2015-03-02 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2017-10-24Bibliographically approved

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http://www.internationalinnovation.com/a-baltic-mystery/

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Tysklind, MatsAndersson, AgnetaHaglund, PeterBidleman, Terry F.
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Department of ChemistryDepartment of Ecology and Environmental SciencesUmeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF)
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