Extracting hemicelluloses from softwood and bagasse as oligosaccharides using pure water and microwave heating
2014 (English)In: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, ISSN 0576-9787, Vol. 49, no 2, 117-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of the study was to identify conditions for hemicelluloses extraction in oligomeric form. Using microwave assisted hot water extraction (HWE), the effects of both retention time and temperature on hemicelluloses yields, as well as the degree of polymerization (DP) as analyzed by SEC-MALLS, were investigated using both softwood (sawmill shavings) and sugarcane bagasse. The results are discussed in the light of the unavoidable yield-DP compromise resulting from the application of batch mode operations. Nevertheless, significant differences between the two raw materials could be observed, as expected. For softwood shavings, data interpolation indicated that about 50% of the hemicelluloses could be obtained as oligomers at an average DP of 30 when extracted at 183 °C for 5 minutes. For bagasse, longer extraction times seemed optimal. After hot water extraction at 183 °C for 12 minutes, about 62% of the bagasse hemicelluloses were extracted as oligomers at an average DP of about 100.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 49, no 2, 117-126 p.
hemicelluloses, microwave hot water extraction, softwood, sugarcane bagasse
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100390ISI: 000351490400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100390DiVA: diva2:792024