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Molecular investigation of tularemia outbreaks, Spain, 1997-2008
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases.
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2014 (English)In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, ISSN 1080-6040, E-ISSN 1080-6059, Vol. 20, no 5, 754-761 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tularemia outbreaks occurred in northwestern Spain in 1997-1998 and 2007-2008 and affected >1,000 persons. We assessed isolates involved in these outbreaks by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis with 2 restriction enzymes and multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis of 16 genomic loci of Francisella tularensis, the cause of this disease. Isolates were divided into 3 pulsotypes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and 8 allelic profiles by multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis. Isolates obtained from the second tularemia outbreak had the same genotypes as isolates obtained from the first outbreak. Both outbreaks were caused by genotypes of genetic subclade B.Br:FTNF002-00, which is widely distributed in countries in central and western Europe. Thus, reemergence of tularemia in Spain was not caused by the reintroduction of exotic strains, but probably by persistence of local reservoirs of infection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, no 5, 754-761 p.
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Microbiology in the medical area
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100456DOI: 10.3201/eid2005.130654ISI: 000335124900003PubMedID: 24750848OAI: diva2:792267
Available from: 2015-03-03 Created: 2015-03-03 Last updated: 2015-04-13Bibliographically approved

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