Endothelial activation and repair during hantavirus infection: association with disease outcome
2014 (English)In: Open forum infectious diseases, ISSN 2328-8957, Vol. 1, no 1, ofu027Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Endothelial activation and dysfunction play a central role in the pathogenesis of sepsis and viral hemorrhagic fevers. Hantaviral disease is a viral hemorrhagic fever and is characterized by capillary dysfunction, although the underlying mechanisms for hantaviral disease are not fully elucidated.
METHODS: The temporal course of endothelial activation and repair were analyzed during Puumala hantavirus infection and associated with disease outcome and a marker for hypoxia, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1). The following endothelial activation markers were studied: endothelial glycocalyx degradation (syndecan-1) and leukocyte adhesion molecules (soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule 1, intercellular adhesion molecule 1, and endothelial selectin). Cytokines associated with vascular repair were also analyzed (vascular endothelial growth factor, erythropoietin, angiopoietin, and stromal cell-derived factor 1).
RESULTS: Most of the markers we studied were highest during the earliest phase of hantaviral disease and associated with clinical and laboratory surrogate markers for disease outcome. In particular, the marker for glycocalyx degradation, syndecan-1, was significantly associated with levels of thrombocytes, albumin, IGFBP-1, decreased blood pressure, and disease severity.
CONCLUSIONS: Hantaviral disease outcome was associated with endothelial dysfunction. Consequently, the endothelium warrants further investigation when designing future medical interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 1, no 1, ofu027
travel health advice, illness during travel, risk behaviour during travel, risk groups in travel medicine, compliance with travel health advice
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100520DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofu027PubMedID: 25734100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100520DiVA: diva2:792464