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Responses of soil carbon and nitrogen to successive land use conversion in seasonally frozen zones
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. College of Resource, Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China ; State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. (Arcum)
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2015 (English)In: Plant and Soil, ISSN 0032-079X, E-ISSN 1573-5036, Vol. 387, no 1-2, 117-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Policy-oriented successive land use conversion intensively occurred in seasonally frozen zones of China during the past five decades. However, responses of soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to land use conversion under cold temperate climates are not fully understood. The objective was to characterize C and N variations following a succession of forest, dryland and paddy. Soil cores were collected for 6 layers with a 10 cm increment from three adjacent chronosequences to determine concentrations of soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and alkaline hydrolysable nitrogen (HN). Analysis of variance with multivariate general linear model was operated on data sets. Significant losses of SOC and TN storages subject to land use conversion were merely confined within 0 - 10 cm layer, decreasing by 16 % and 38 % for forest to dryland and by 23 % and 43 % for forest to paddy, respectively. Cultivation also influenced SOC and TN stocks at 20 - 40 cm depth for dryland and 20 - 60 cm depth for paddy with increases by 38 Mg C ha(-1) and 2.8 Mg N ha(-1) for forest to dryland, and by 56 Mg C ha(-1) and 4.1 Mg N ha(-1) for forest to paddy, respectively. Successive land use conversion from forest to cropland affected C and N levels in deeper layers, demonstrating the high potentials of subsoil in sequestrating C and N. The extents of cultivation-induced SOC and TN redistribution along soil profile varied among different agricultural systems. DOC and HN changes interpreted SOC and TN changes with land use, presenting high involvements of soluble compartments in SOC and TN variations. The net variation in SOC/TN ratio effectively indicated C and N changes when dryland was converted to paddy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2015. Vol. 387, no 1-2, 117-130 p.
Keyword [en]
soil carbon and nitrogen, sequestration potential, land use conversion, vegetation succession, asonally frozen soils
National Category
Agricultural Science Soil Science Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100287DOI: 10.1007/s11104-014-2284-5ISI: 000348318100008OAI: diva2:792659
Available from: 2015-03-04 Created: 2015-02-27 Last updated: 2016-05-20Bibliographically approved

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