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Plasma exchange as rescue therapy in multiple organ failure including acute renal failure
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
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2003 (English)In: Crit Care Med, Vol. 31, no 6, 1730-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of using a rescue therapy including plasma exchange given to patients with a progressive acute disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University and county hospital. PATIENTS: Included were 76 consecutive patients (41 men and 35 women) treated with plasma exchange as rescue therapy besides optimal conventional therapy during a progressive course of disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, including acute renal failure. Of the 76 patients, 66% needed dialysis. The distribution was hemodialysis in 76%, continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration in 36%, continuous venovenous hemodialysis in 12%, and peritoneal dialysis in 24%. The median organ-failure score was 5 (range, 1-6). Seventy-two percent required mechanical ventilation; septic shock was present in 88%. The median septic shock score was 4 (range, 2-4). Nine patients had another reason than sepsis for the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. INTERVENTION: Plasma exchange (centrifugation technique) was performed until disseminated intravascular coagulation was reversed (median, two times; range, 1-14). Besides antibiotics and fluid administration, most patients received heparin or low molecular weight heparin (77%), steroids (87%), and inotropes (88%). More than one vasoactive drug was used in 57% of the patients. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Eighty-two percent of the patients survived and could leave the hospital. The previously observed survival rates by others for this category of patients would be <20%, and thus, the outcome in this study is significantly better. CONCLUSION: Plasma exchange using plasma as replacement may, in addition to conventional intensive care, help to reverse severe progressive disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and improve survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 31, no 6, 1730-6 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Preschool, Combined Modality Therapy, Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/mortality/*therapy, Female, Humans, Kidney Failure, Acute/*therapy, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Organ Failure/etiology/mortality/*therapy, *Plasma Exchange/adverse effects, Renal Dialysis, Retrospective Studies, Sepsis/complications/microbiology, Survival Rate, Sweden/epidemiology, Treatment Outcome
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100609ISBN: 0090-3493 (Print) OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100609DiVA: diva2:792794
Note

Stegmayr, Bernd G Banga, Ravjet Berggren, Lars Norda, Rut Rydvall, Anders Vikerfors, Tomas United States Critical care medicine Crit Care Med. 2003 Jun;31(6):1730-6.

Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2015-03-05

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