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Upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med MRSA: Ett patientperspektiv
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences and perceptions of living with MRSA : A patient perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: MRSA är i dagens samhälle ett globalt problem. Denna bakterie producerar ett enzym, vilket gör en del antibiotiska läkemedel verkningslösa. Flertalet MRSA-infekterade patienter upplever negativa känslor till följd av infektionen. Dessa tros orsakas av bristande kunskap hos både sjuksköterskor och patienter.Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa patienters upplevelser och erfarenheter av att vara MRSA-infekterad.Metod: I litteraturstudiens resultat har 9 artiklar med kvalitativ ansats sammanställts. Dessa har analyserats med inspiration från det beskrivande metasyntestänkandet. Databaserna Cinahl, Medline, Pubmed och Scopus användes vid sökning av artiklar.Resultat: Patienternas upplevelser vid en MRSA-infektion var komplexa. Känslor av skuld, stigmatisering och att vara smittsam återkom upprepade gånger. Varierande kunskapsnivåer beträffande MRSA påvisades också hos patienterna. Anpassningen till infektionen upplevdes ofördelaktigt påverka möjligheten till ett normalt liv. Information erhållen från vården ansågs otillräcklig och vårdpersonalen upplevdes även agera oprofessionellt i vissa situationer. Konklusion: Ökad kunskap och förståelse för MRSA-infekterade patienter kan bidra till att en god omvårdnad möjliggörs. För att understödja en mer personcentrerad omvårdnad bör eventuellt upplevda skillnader i relation till genus och ålder beforskas.

Abstract [en]

Background: MRSA is a global problem in today's society. This bacterium produces an enzyme, making some antibiotic drugs ineffective. Most patients infected with MRSA experience negative emotions as a result of the infection. The lack of knowledge of both nurses and patients are believed to be causing these emotions. Aim: The purpose of this literature review was to illuminate patients' perceptions and experiences of being infected with MRSA. Method: 9 articles with a qualitative approach have been compiled in this review. These have been analyzed with inspiration from descriptive meta-synthesis method. The search for articles was performed in the databases of Cinahl, Medline, PubMed and Scopus. Results: The result shows that patients' perceived the MRSA infection as complex. Feelings of guilt, stigma and being contagious recurred repeatedly. Varying levels of knowledge regarding MRSA were also detected. Adaptation to the infection was perceived as an unfavorably affect to the possibility of a normal life. Information obtained from the care was considered inadequate and nursing staff were experienced to act unprofessional.Conclusion: Increased knowledge and understanding of patients' infected with MRSA can make a good healthcare possible. Any perceived differences in relation to gender and age should be further studied in order to contribute a more person-centered healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
MRSA, patient perception, nursing care, experience.
Keyword [sv]
MRSA, patientupplevelser, omvårdnad, erfarenheter.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100695DiVA: diva2:793383
External cooperation
Glesbygdsmedicinskt centrum, VLL
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med MRSA Ett patientperspektiv(622 kB)293 downloads
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