Information to the patient: an attempt to satisfy the patient's need for information
1986 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Dissatisfaction with medical information is a common problem among patients. There is also evidence that patients lack information that physicians believe they have given to the patient. The aims of this study were to 1) survey patients' subjective need for, and satisfaction with, the information that they received during their hospital stay 2) develop and evaluate systematic routines for giving information to the patients and also communication and collaboration between the medical and nursing staff concerning the satisfaction of the patients' need for information.
The study was an intervention project and the research perspective was organizational psychology.
Survey study. The patients experienced a considerable need for medical information, especially about the examination results and prognosis. The patients' need for information regarding prognosis was the least satisfied.
Intervention 1. A general improvement of the information to the patients occurred when the systematic routines were established. The patients' subjective need for information was unchanged throughout two years. Their satisfaction with information, after an initial improvement, did not increase throughout these two years. There was low correlation between the patients' and their physicians' estimations concerning the patients' need for information on diagnosis, prognosis and examination results. Likewise, concerning the adequacy of that information.
Intervention 2. Communication and collaboration between the medical and nursing staff included a system for assessment and solution of the patients' information problems. Problem-solving took place at a multidisciplinary team conference (MTC). Medical problems were better elucidated than the patients' psychological problems. After training of registered nurses (RN) as conference chairpersons, the patients need for information was better understood. The staff reported 42 information problems after training compared to two before. For half of the information problems decisions were discussed on steps to be taken in order to satisfy the patients' need for information. A year after the system for assessment and solution of information problems was established, the patients were more satisfied with information about examinations and their results and on information about medication (p< 0.05). Further, new norms for the patients' need for information were established and a change was initiated.
The results are discussed with regard to how and why patients' shall have information, by whom and to whom information shall be given, when and where information shall be given and which content it shall have.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1986. , 56 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 174
Patient education, consumer satisfaction, patient compliance, patient care planning, communication
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100591ISBN: 91-7174-252-2 (korr.)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100591DiVA: diva2:793394
1986-10-31, Föreläsningssal B, Odontologiska kliniken, 9tr, NUS, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:00
S. 1-56: sammanfattning, s. 57-137: 4 uppsatser2015-03-162015-03-042015-04-08Bibliographically approved