Ovarian steroids in rat and human brain: effects of different endocrine states
1987 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Ovarian steroid hormones are known to produce several different effects in the brain. In addition to their role in gonadotropin release, ovulation and sexual behaviour they also seem to affect mood and emotions, as shown in women with the premenstrual tension syndrome. Some steroids have the ability to affect brain excitability. Estradiol decreases the electroshock threshold while progesterone acts as an anti-convulsant and anaesthetic in both animals and humans. Several earlier studies have shown a specific uptake of several steroids in the animal brain but only a few recent studies have established the presence of steroids in the human brain.
In the present studies, the dissections of rat and human brains were carried out macroscopically and areas that are considered to be related to steroid effects were chosen. Steroid concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay after extraction and separation with celite chromatography. The accuracy and specificity of these methods were estimated.
In the animal studies, immature female rats were treated with Pregnant Mare's Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG) to induce simultaneous ovulations. Concentrations of estradiol and progesterone were measured in seven brain areas pre- and postovulatory. The highest concentration of estradiol, pre- and postovulatory, was found in the hypothalamus and differences between the two cycle phases were detected in most brain areas. The preovulatory concentrations of progesterone were low and the highest postovulatory concentration was found in the cerebral cortex.
In one study, the rats were injected with pharmacological doses of progesterone to induce "anaesthesia". High uptake of progesterone was found and a regional variation in the formation of 5<*-pregnane-3,20-dione in the brain with the highest ratio in the medulla oblongata.
Concentrations of progesterone, 5a-pregnane-3*20-dione, estradiol and testosterone were determined in 17 brain areas of fertile compared to postmenopausal women. All steroids displayed regional differences in brain concentrations. Higher concentrations of estradiol and progesterone were found in the fertile compared to the postmenopausal women.
In summary, these studies show that the concentrations of ovarian steroids in the brain are different at different endocrine states in both rats and humans and that there are regional differences in brain steroid distribution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1987. , 45 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 203
Progesterone, 5a-pregnane-3.20-dione, estradiol, testosterone, rat brain, human brain, PMSG-model, steroid anaesthesia
Physiology Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Geriatrics Other Basic Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100586ISBN: 91-7174-313-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-100586DiVA: diva2:793396
1987-10-23, Hörsal B (Rosa salen), Byggnad ID, Umeå regionsjukhus, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:00
Winblad, Bengt, professor
Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 1987, härtill 5 uppsastser2015-03-172015-03-042015-04-08Bibliographically approved