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Factors associated with work and taking prescribed methadone or buprenorphine among Swedish opiate addicts
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, 264 Bay State Road, Boston, MA 02215 USA.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, 264 Bay State Road, Boston, MA 02215 USA.
2015 (English)In: Evaluation and Program Planning, ISSN 0149-7189, E-ISSN 1873-7870, Vol. 49, 172-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/aims: Using national register data from 2002 to 2008, this exploratory study examines for opiate addicts (n = 2638) whether there is an association between predisposing, enabling and need factors and working and taking methadone or buprenorphine prescribed by a physician for a year or more.

Methods: Chi-square analyses and One-way ANOVA were used to determine significant relationships between the independent variables and the dependent variable. A binomial logistic regression model, with variables entered as a single block, measured statistical associations between the independent variables and the dichotomous dependent variable.

Results: Men and those with greater number of years of education (7%) and those with children were 7.08 times more likely to be working and taking prescription methadone or buprenorphine. Those who had more inpatient drug treatment episodes (5%), those who had been charged with crime 3.23 times, and those who had used psychiatric medications were 8.43 times more likely to be working and to have taken prescription methadone or buprenorphine one year or more.

Conclusion: This study highlights that clients in treatment for opiate addiction who are working and have received methadone or buprenorphine treatment may have better treatment retention and be more integrated socially than their counterparts even though they have a higher level of problem severity and treatment needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 49, 172-177 p.
Keyword [en]
Opiate use MMT BMT Employment and medication addiction Treatment use
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101133DOI: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2014.12.015PubMedID: 25624097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101133DiVA: diva2:797033
Available from: 2015-03-22 Created: 2015-03-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Blom Nilsson, MarcusLundgren, Lena

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CiteExportLink to record
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