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Bröstcancer: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med obotlig bröstcancer
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Breast cancer : A litterature study on womens experience of living with incurable breast cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige drabbas årligen ca 7000 kvinnor av bröstcancer. 90 % av dessa överlever sin sjukdom tack vare goda behandlingsmöjligheter. Kvinnor med spridd bröstcancer lever allt längre tid med sin sjukdom. När bröstcancer sprider sig till andra organ än bröstet räknas den inte längre vara botbar. Behandling inriktar sig då till att vara lindrande eller palliativ. Bröstcancer är den vanligaste dödsorsaken för kvinnor i medelålder i Sverige.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med obotlig bröstcancer.

Metod: Åtta kvalitativa empiriska studier har sammanställts och analyserats med hjälp av beskrivande metasyntes. Artikelsökning utfördes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL.

Resultat: Resultatet från de valda artiklarna rörande kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med obotlig bröstcancer, kunde efter analys och konsensusdiskussioner sammanföras i fyra kategorier; Identitet, Relationer, Perspektiv samt Sorg och Förlust.

Slutsats: Litteraturstudien visar att när kvinnor drabbas av obotlig bröstcancer förändras hela deras tillvaro drastiskt. Både livsperspektiv och roller hotas och leder till ångest och sorg. Kvinnorna upplever att det brister i bemötandet från vårdpersonal och behov av utvecklad kunskap och förståelse från sjuksköterskor är nödvändigt.

Nyckelord: Metastaserad bröstcancer, Upplevelse, Relationer, Sorg, Omvårdnad

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden approximately 7000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. 90% of these survive the disease because of good treatment possibilities. Women with cancer that has spread live longer with their disease. When breast cancer spreads to other organs it is no longer considered curable. Treatment then focuses on mitigation of pain and being palliative. Breast cancer is the most common cause of death for middle-aged women in Sweden.

 

Purpose: The purpose of this literature study is to shed light on womens experience of living with incurable breast cancer.

 

Method: Eight qualitative empirical studies have been collated and analyzed using descriptive metasynthesis. The article search has been carried out in the PubMed and CINAHL databases.

 

Result: The results from the chosen articles about women's experience of living with incurable breast cancer, could after a consensus discussion be brought into four categories; Identity, relations, perspective and finally sorrow and loss.

 

Conclusion: The literature study shows that when women are stricken with terminal breast cancer their lives change drastically. Both perspective on life and roles are threatened and lead to anxiety and sorrow. Women experience that the personal treatment they get from nursing staff is lacking, and that a higher level of knowledge and understanding in the nurses is necessary.

 

Keywords: Metastatic breast cancer, Experience, Relationship, Grief, Nursing

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Metastatic breast cancer, Experience, Relationship, Grief, Nursing
Keyword [sv]
Metastaserad bröstcancer, Upplevelse, Relationer, Sorg, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101168DiVA: diva2:797390
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-09 Created: 2015-03-23 Last updated: 2015-04-09Bibliographically approved

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Bröstcancer(505 kB)181 downloads
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