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Transition to greener pulp: regulation, industry responses and path dependency
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
Luleå, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 57, no 6, 862-884 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the dioxin alarm broke at the same time in Sweden and the US in the mid-1980s, Swedish pulp and paper (P&P) firms led the way towards the new market for low-chlorine and chlorine-free P&P products. This study explores the transition in the Swedish P&P industry and contrasts the Swedish case to the US experience. We highlight the importance of already established technological paths to deal with pollution, paths which were strongly formed by the different national environmental policies since the 1970s. Thus while US P&P firms were technologically locked-in when the dioxin alarm broke, the strategy of Swedish P&P firms to proactively collaborate in environmental research and development (R&D) together with a national policy that favoured process integrated abatement technology, helped Swedish firms take technological leadership. This article particularly stresses the implications of technological path-dependency and different national regulatory styles in understanding the evolution of different modes of corporate environmental strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. Vol. 57, no 6, 862-884 p.
Keyword [en]
dioxin, pulp and paper (P&P), chlorine-free, transition, Sweden, the US, business strategies, environmental legislation, technological path-dependency
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101216DOI: DOI:10.1080/00076791.2014.986105OAI: diva2:797967
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P10-0997:1

This work was supported by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency [2226-13]; Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (The Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences) [P10-0997:1]; and Ragnar Söderberg foundation (nr. E27/10).

Available from: 2015-03-25 Created: 2015-03-25 Last updated: 2016-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
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