Från norr till söder: En jämförande diskursanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen kring invandring och invandrare
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
From the north to the south : A comparative discourse analysis about immigrants and immigration in the news. (English)
This study examines how four Swedish newspapers portray immigration and immigrants by looking at two from Skåne County and two from Västerbotten County respectively. The selected newspapers are set apart in that they are geographically located at opposite ends of Sweden and cover regions of different area size. In addition to investigating how immigration and immigrants is talked about, the study also takes into consideration the context in which this is mentioned. The main focus is whether or not the two there is a difference in reporting on the subject matter between the two counties and to identify how they have gone about it.
A comparative discourse analysis combined with a quantitative survey was conducted by applying three theories; agenda setting, post-colonialism and stereotypes. By coding 377 and analyzing 12 articles from the year of 2014, the finding of the study shows that immigrants and immigration are often portrayed as a political issue, especially when mentioned in association with the Swedish political party Sverigedemokraterna. Immigration and immigrants also occurred in topics that were about school, work and culture. The main difference between the counties in this study was how much the newspapers wrote about immigrants and immigration and if the political news about, and concerning Sverigedemokraterna, was on a local or a national level. The newspapers in Skåne covered the subject matter to a greater extent than the newspapers in Västerbotten. In the discursive analysis the results show that when immigrants are portrayed in articles as main characters, the persons often are represented as active people who are in control over their own lives. Furthermore, there were descriptions of the situation of immigrants in general, independent of the main characters' stories. In these articles, immigrants were often described as targets for processes where immigrants should be helped, or guided, and were the subject of lengthy asylum processes. Likewise, immigrants are described as “The Other” compared to the Swedish “we/us”. Stereotypes are used to describe immigrants and are also often defined with the term “the ideal stranger”, someone whom expresses gratitude, is willing to learn the language and culture and shows a willingness to pay their dues in Sweden.
These result shows that the journalists still have a long way to go when it comes to reporting about immigrants and immigration. With previous research in mind, media have developed when it comes to the topic proliferation and portrayal. But the discourse around immigrants and immigration is reproduced, however, rather than challenged in the making of it. This indicates that the journalism must continue to work with consciousness and what it chooses to pay attention to.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 44 p.
"discourse analysis" "immigrants" "immigration" "quantitative survey" "post-colonialism" "stereotype" "news"
"diskursanalys" "invandrare" "invandring" "kvantitativ översikt" "postkolonialism" "stereotyp" "vi och dem" "nyheter"
Media and Communications
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101570DiVA: diva2:800498
Bachelor Programme in Journalism