Slagging in fixed-bed combustion of phosphorus-poor biomass: critical ash-forming processes and compositions
2015 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 29, no 2, 894-908 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Slagging in combustion facilities is not welcomed, because it may cause technical and operational problems, as well as extra costs. Increased understanding of the critical slagging subprocesses makes it easier to suggest semiempirical models and fuel indexes for predicting the slagging tendencies of different fuels. That could open the biomass market for potentially more troublesome raw materials. The objective of this work was to determine critical ash-forming processes and compositions in the fixed-bed combustion of phosphorus-poor biomass fuels. This was achieved by performing a systematic review of data and experience gathered from combustion experiments in a small grate burner of 36 different biomasses, as well as chemical analysis of their bottom ashes and slags. The paper presents a discussion of the slagging tendency in phosphorus-poor biomass by combining three different slagging classifications, culminating in a proposed starting point for a new slagging index. The slag (ash particles >3.15 mm in size) formed during the combustion experiments has been described according to the fraction of fuel ash that forms slag (expressed in terms of weight percent), the visual sintering category (1-4), and the viscosity predictions. The results explain that both the fraction of melt and its viscosity are critical for the slag formation process in phosphorus-poor biomasses. In addition, fuels with low Si/K ratio along with a higher Ca concentration may form a low viscous carbonate melt that is not prone to form slag. Increased Si and lowered Ca concentration will increase the amount of formed silicate melt formed, as well as its viscosity, thus resulting in a more sticky melt.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015. Vol. 29, no 2, 894-908 p.
Energy Engineering Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101613DOI: 10.1021/ef502531mISI: 000349943300050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101613DiVA: diva2:801749