Waste gypsum board and ash-related problems during combustion of biomass: 1. Fluidized bed
2015 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 29, no 2, 877-893 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper is the first in a series of two describing the use of waste gypsum boards as an additive during combustion of biomass. This paper focuses on experiments performed in a bench-scale bubbling fluidized-bed reactor (5 kW). Three biomass fuels were used, i.e., wheat straw (WS), reed canary grass (RC), and spruce bark (SB), with and without addition of shredded waste gypsum board (SWGB). The objective of this work was to determine the effect of SWGB addition on biomass ash transformation reactions during fluidized bed combustion. The combustion was carried out in a bed of quartz sand at 800 or 700 degrees C for 8 h. After the combustion stage, a controlled fluidizedbed agglomeration test was carried out to determine the defluidization temperature. During combustion experiments, outlet gas composition was continuously measured by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. At the same place in the flue gas channel, particulate matter was collected with a 13-stage Dekati low-pressure impactor. Bottom and cyclone fly ash samples were collected after the combustion tests. In addition, during the combustion tests a 6-h deposit sample was collected with an air-cooled (430 degrees C) probe. All ash samples were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry for elemental composition and with X-ray powder diffraction for the detection of crystalline phases. Decomposition of CaSO4 originating from SWGB was mainly observed during combustion of reed canary grass at 800 degrees C. The decomposition was observed as doubled SO2 emissions. No significant increase of SO2 during combustion of SB and WS was observed. However, the interaction of SWGB particles with WS and SB ash forming matter, mainly potassium containing compounds, led to the formation of K2Ca2(SO4)(3).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2015. Vol. 29, no 2, 877-893 p.
Chemical Engineering Energy Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101610DOI: 10.1021/ef5024753ISI: 000349943300049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-101610DiVA: diva2:801798