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Associations between motor timing, music practice, and intelligence studied in a large sample of twins
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5366-1169
2015 (English)In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1337, 125-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Music performance depends critically on precise processing of time. A common model behavior in studies of motor timing is isochronous serial interval production (ISIP), that is, hand/finger movements with a regular beat. ISIP accuracy is related to both music practice and intelligence. Here we present a study of these associations in a large twin cohort, demonstrating that the effects of music practice and intelligence on motor timing are additive, with no significant multiplicative (interaction) effect. Furthermore, the association between music practice and motor timing was analyzed with the use of a co-twin control design using intrapair differences. These analyses revealed that the phenotypic association disappeared when all genetic and common environmental factors were controlled. This suggests that the observed association may not reflect a causal effect of music practice on ISIP performance but rather reflect common influences (e.g., genetic effects) on both outcomes. The relevance of these findings for models of practice and expert performance is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2015. Vol. 1337, 125-129 p.
Keyword [en]
timing, tapping, practice, expertise, intelligence
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102257DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12630ISI: 000351580900018PubMedID: 25773626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-102257DiVA: diva2:807042
Conference
Conference on Neurosciences and Music V, MAY 29-JUN 01, 2014, Dijon, FRANCE
Note

Title of vol. 1337: Neurosciences and Music V: Cognitive Stimulation and Rehabilitation

Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2015-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf