Implicit learning in aging: extant patterns and new directions.
2009 (English)In: Neuropsychology Review, ISSN 1040-7308, E-ISSN 1573-6660, Vol. 19, no 4, 490-503 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Research suggests that the striatum plays an important role in implicit learning (IL). The striatum exhibits marked age-related morphological and neurochemical losses. Yet, behavioral studies suggest that IL is generally well preserved in old age, and that age-related differences emerge only when highly complex IL tasks are used. In this review, we integrate behavioral and neuroimaging evidence on IL in aging. We suggest that relative stability of IL in old age may reflect neural reorganization that compensates for age-related losses in striatal functions. Specifically, there may be an age-related increase in reliance on extrastriatal regions (e.g., medial-temporal, frontal) during IL. This reorganization of function may be beneficial under less taxing performance conditions, but not when task demands become more challenging.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 19, no 4, 490-503 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102529DOI: 10.1007/s11065-009-9117-yPubMedID: 19813093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-102529DiVA: diva2:808303