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DExD-box RNA-helicases in Listeria monocytogenes are important for growth, ribosomal maturation, rRNA processing and virulence factor expression
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
2014 (English)In: RNA Biology, ISSN 1547-6286, E-ISSN 1555-8584, Vol. 11, no 11, 1458-1467 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RNA-helicases are proteins required for the unwinding of occluding secondary RNA structures, especially at low temperatures. In this work, we have deleted all 4 DExD-box RNA helicases in various combinations in the Gram-positive pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Our results show that 3 out of 4 RNA-helicases were important for growth at low temperatures, whereas the effect was less prominent at 37 degrees C. Over-expression of one RNA-helicase, Lmo1450, was able to overcome the reduced growth of the quadruple mutant strain at temperatures above 26 degrees C, but not at lower temperatures. The maturation of ribosomes was affected in different degrees in the various strains at 20 degrees C, whereas the effect was marginal at 37 degrees C. This was accompanied by an increased level of immature 23S rRNA precursors in some of the RNA-helicase mutants at low temperatures. Although the expression of the PrfA regulated virulence factors ActA and LLO decreased in the quadruple mutant strain, this strain showed a slightly increased infection ability. Interestingly, even though the level of the virulence factor LLO was decreased in the quadruple mutant strain as compared with the wild-type strain, the hly-transcript (encoding LLO) was increased. Hence, our results could suggest a role for the RNA-helicases during translation. In this work, we show that DExD-box RNA-helicases are involved in bacterial virulence gene-expression and infection of eukaryotic cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 11, no 11, 1458-1467 p.
Keyword [en]
bacterial infection, DExD-box RNA-helicases, hly, Listeria monocytogenes, LLO, translation
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102321DOI: 10.1080/15476286.2014.996099ISI: 000350024000014PubMedID: 25590644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-102321DiVA: diva2:808451
Available from: 2015-04-28 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Bäreclev, CarolineVaitkevicius, KarolisNetterling, SakuraJohansson, Jörgen
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