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Serum metalloproteinase-9 is related to COPD severity and symptoms - cross-sectional data from a population based cohort-study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4266-1782
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
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2015 (English)In: Respiratory Research, ISSN 1465-9921, Vol. 16, 28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and an imbalance between proteases and antiproteases has been implicated to play a role in COPD pathogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are important proteases that along with their inhibitors, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), affect homeostasis of elastin and collagen, of importance for the structural integrity of human airways. Small observational studies indicate that these biomarkers are involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in a large Swedish population- based cohort, and their association with disease severity and important clinical symptoms of COPD such as productive cough.

Methods: Spirometry was performed and peripheral blood samples were collected in a populations-based cohort (median age 67 years) comprising subjects with COPD (n = 594) and without COPD (n = 948), in total 1542 individuals. Serum MMP-9 and TIMP-1 concentrations were measured with enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and related to lung function data and symptoms.

Results: Median serum MMP-9 values were significantly higher in COPD compared with non-COPD 535 vs. 505 ng/ml (P = 0.017), without any significant differences in serum TIMP-1-levels or MMP-9/TIMP-1-ratio. In univariate analysis, productive cough and decreasing FEV1% predicted correlated significantly with increased MMP-9 among subjects with COPD (P = 0.004 and P = 0.001 respectively), and FEV1% predicted remained significantly associated to MMP-9 in a multivariate model adjusting for age, sex, pack years and productive cough (P = 0.033).

Conclusion: Productive cough and decreasing FEV1 were each associated with MMP-9 in COPD, and decreasing FEV1 remained significantly associated with MMP-9 also after adjustment for common confounders in this population-based COPD cohort. The increased serum MMP-9 concentrations in COPD indicate an enhanced proteolytic activity that is related to disease severity, and further longitudinal studies are important for the understanding of MMP-9 in relation to the disease process and the pathogenesis of different COPD phenotypes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2015. Vol. 16, 28
Keyword [en]
mmp-9, metalloproteinase, proteases, COPD, TIMP-1, MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio, OLIN, Lung-function, productive cough
Keyword [sv]
KOL, OLIN, proteaser, lungfunktion, produktiv hosta, MMP-9/TIMP-1 kvot
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Research subject
Epidemiology; Lung Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102666DOI: 10.1186/s12931-015-0188-4ISI: 000349926800001PubMedID: 25849664OAI: diva2:808861
Available from: 2015-04-29 Created: 2015-04-29 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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