Agency in Fertility Decisions in Western Europe during the Demographic Transition: The Role of Childhood Mortality and Sex-Composition
2015 (English)In: Popoulation Association of America 2015 Annual Meeting: Session 150: Sex Preferences and Sex Composition Effects on Fertility Intentions, San Diego, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
A set of linked reproductive histories taken from Sweden, the Netherlands and Spain for the period 1871-1960 is used to address key issues regarding reproductive change and reproductive choice. Using event history analysis the paper investigates how the hazard of additional births was influenced by childhood mortality and the sex-composition among the surviving children when the reproductive decisions were made. The preliminary results show that couples were continuously regulating their fertility to achieve reproductive goals even during the early stages of the fertility transition. Couples experiencing child fatalities as well as gender imbalance in the surviving sibset show significant increases in the hazard of additional births net of any biological impact of terminated breastfeeding. The findings offers strong proof for the existence of active decision-making during the demographic transition and applies a method to model these behaviors over the full reproductive history.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Diego, 2015.
Research subject History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-103042DiVA: diva2:812229
Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Diego, CA, April 30-May 2, 2015