Total and pyrogenic carbon stocks in black spruce forest floors from eastern Canada
2015 (English)In: Organic Geochemistry, ISSN 0146-6380, E-ISSN 1873-5290, Vol. 82, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pyrogenic carbon (PyC), a by-product of recurrent boreal wildfires, is an important component of the global soil C pool, although precise assessment of boreal PyC stock is scarce. The overall objective of this study was to estimate total C stock and PyC stock in forest floors of Eastern Canada boreal forests. We also investigated the environmental conditions controlling the stocks and characterized the composition of the forest floor layers. Forest floor samples were collected from mesic black spruce sites recently affected by fire (3-5 yr) and analyzed using elemental analysis and solid state C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. PyC content was further estimated using a molecular mixing model. Total C stock in forest floors averaged 5.7 +/- 2.9 kg C/m(2) and PyC stock 0.6 +/- 0.3 kg C/m(2). Total stock varied with position in the landscape, with a greater accumulation of organic material on northern aspects and lower slope positions. In addition, total stock was significantly higher in spruce-dominated forest floors than stands where jack pine was present. The PyC stock was significantly related to the atomic H/C ratio (R-2 0.84) of the different organic layers. C-13 NMR spectroscopy revealed a large increase in aromatic carbon in the deepest forest floor layer (humified H horizon) at the organic-mineral soil interface. The majority of the PyC stock was located in this horizon and had been formed during past high severity fires rather than during the most recent fire event.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 82, 1-11 p.
Pyrogenic carbon, Boreal forest, Wildfire, Forest floor, C-13 NMR, Molecular mixing model
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103527DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2015.02.004ISI: 000352320500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-103527DiVA: diva2:814227