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Självkänsla och idrottslig kompetens hos idrottare inom Special Olympics
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Individer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar (IF), IK<70, tenderar att ha lägre självkänsla än individer utan IF. Låg självkänsla korrelerar med psykisk ohälsa, såsom depression, ångest och ätstörningar. Global självkänsla, en individs generella uppfattning av sig själv och sitt värde, påverkar och påverkas av undergrupper, såsom idrottslig kompetens (Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976). Studier utanför Sverige visar att deltagande i organiserad idrottsverksamhet ökar global självkänsla och idrottslig kompetens hos individer med IF. Denna studies syfte var att undersöka självkänsla och idrottslig kompetens hos idrottare, 16 år och äldre, inom Special Olympics i Sverige. Deltagarnas (N = 78) resultat på självskattningsformulären; The Adapted Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M = 15.79) och delskalan Idrottslig kompetens i PSPP-R (M = 20.90), indikerade måttlig global självkänsla och hög idrottslig kompetens, samt att kvinnliga deltagare respektive Precampsdeltagare, som förberedde sig inför ett internationellt mästerskap, skattade sig signifikant lägre än manliga deltagare respektive icke-Precampsdeltagare. Framtida studier bör fokusera på utveckling av instrument för individer med IF och idrottsverksamheter bör arbeta för att stärka självkänslan och idrottsliga kompetensen hos kvinnliga idrottare med IF.

Abstract [en]

Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID), IQ<70, tend to have lower self-esteem than individuals without ID. Low self-esteem is correlated with mental illnesses, such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders. Global self-esteem, an individual's overall perception of itself and its value, affects and is affected by subgroups, such as sport competence (Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976). Studies outside of Sweden shows that participation in organized sports activities increase global self-esteem and sport competence among individuals with ID. The purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem and sport competence among athletes, aged 16 and above, in Special Olympics Sweden. Participants (N = 78) results on the self-assessment forms; The Adapted Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M = 15.79) and the subscale Sport competence in PSPP-R (M = 20.90), indicated moderate global self-esteem and high sport competence. Female participants and Precamp participants, preparing themselves for an international championship, reported significantly lower results than male participants and non-Precamp participants, respectively. Future studies should focus on the development of instruments for individuals with ID and sport organizations should work to strengthen self-esteem and sport competence among female athletes with ID.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-103898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-103898DiVA: diva2:816235
External cooperation
Anonym
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-02 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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