Samband mellan fysiologiska tester, kroppskomposition och tävlingsprestation hos kvinnliga längdskidåkare
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Previous research has identified the complexity of cross-country skiing and the importance of finding test parameters that reflect the sport-specific performance. The purpose of the present study was to investigate relationships between body composition and physiological variables and performance in young cross-country skiing women. Ten 22,6 (±2,7) year old trained, Swedish, female cross-country skiers volunteered to participate in a specific test battery. Participants completed a test battery consisting of VO2max, standing long jump (SLH), squat jump (SJ), counter movement jump (CMJ), counter movement jump with arm swing (CMJarm), isometric leg strength (ISO-leg), ball throw (kast), isometric arm strength (ISO-drag), Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA-scan) and anthropometric measurements (weight, height, BMI). The physiological test variables obtained were correlated with participants FISpoints (International Ski Federation’s ranking points for distance and sprint performance) used as performance data. Correlations were performed using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient test. The results show that SJ and FIS-points (distance) were significantly correlated. However, no significant correlations were found between any of the other physiological test variables (VO2max, DXA-scan, CMJ, CMJ-arm, ISO-leg, kast, ISOdrag, SLH) and FIS-points. These findings highlight the importance of sport-specific tests which reflect actual performance in cross-country skiing. Furthermore, as physiological demands will vary depending on the competition, it may also be of importance to reflect on the definition of performance used, as this in turn should reflect the required specific demands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Ski ranking, Test battery, Cross-country skiing, FIS-points, Physiological tests
Sport and Fitness Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104082DiVA: diva2:817321
Physical Trainer Pogramme
2015-06-02, Major, Idrottsmedicinska enheten, Umeå, 13:30 (Swedish)
Theos, Apostolos, Ph.D.
Gilenstam, Kajsa, Med. Dr