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Sambandet mellan anknytningsmönster, tidsperspektiv och copingstrategier hos ungdomar
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Tonårsperioden omfattas av utveckling inom flera områden i livet; bland annat gällande copingstrategier, utforskande av nära relationer och reflektivt tänkande kring dåtid, nutid och framtid. Syftet med studien var att undersöka sambandet mellan anknytning, tidsperspektiv och copingstrategier hos 150 gymnasieungdomar i årskurs tre (17-20 år). Självskattningsformulär som användes var: Viktiga Personer i Mitt Liv (VIPIL), Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI) och Brief Cope (BC). En teoretisk modell prövades med hierarkiska regressionsanalyser för att testa hur anknytning och tidsperspektiv kan predicera coping. Resultaten visade på flertalet statistiskt signifikanta samband. De flesta återfanns mellan anknytning till föräldrar, tidsperspektiv och coping. Tidsperspektiv visade sig vara en tydlig prediktor till coping. Anknytning kunde också predicera coping men i betydligt mindre utsträckning och föll bort då de båda var med som prediktorer. Anknytning till vänner samvarierade inte lika starkt till tidsperspektiv men visade sig tydligt predicera copingstrategin Stöd från Andra. Kvinnor visade sig generellt skatta högre än män. Ett resonemang fördes kring tidsperspektivens prediktionsvärde, huruvida det är möjligt att mäta anknytningsmönster med självskattningsformulär samt vad de funna könsskillnaderna kan bero på.

Abstract [en]

Adolescence involves a development in several areas in life; for instance coping strategies, exploring of close relationships and reflective reasoning of past, present and future. This study aimed to examine the influence of attachment and time perspective on coping strategies among 150 adolescents in third grade in upper secondary school (17-20 years). Self-report instruments included were: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA), Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI) and Brief Cope (BC). A theoretical model was tested using hierarchal regression analyses. The result indicated a number of statistically significant correlations. Most of them were found in attachment to parents, time perspective and coping strategies. Time perspective was found to be a distinct predictor for coping. Attachment was also found to predict coping but in a minor extension and was found absent when both attachment and time perspective were used as predictors. Attachment to peers did not correlate as clearly to time perspective but was shown to more acute predict the coping strategy Support from Others (Stöd från Andra). Women’s self-reported scores indicated higher results compared to men.  A discussion of prediction value of time perspective, whether it is possible to measure attachment with self-report instruments and explanations of gender differences, was held.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
attachment, time perspective, coping, adolescence, IPPA, S-ZTPI, Brief Cope
Keyword [sv]
anknytning, tidsperspektiv, coping, tonår, VIPIL, S-ZTPI, Brief Cope
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104083DiVA: diva2:817326
External cooperation
Anonym
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-05 Last updated: 2016-03-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf