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Interpersonell problematik och arbetsallians i psykoterapi: Klientens upplevelse och förändring av interpersonell problematik och dess relation till arbetsallians i psykoterapi
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine interpersonal problems and its relationship to the working alliance in psychotherapy. To examine this, data was used from Umeå and Lund University psychology practice client database, which clients responded to by using the self-assessment scales Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales and the Working Alliance Inventory. The sample consisted of 201 participants that answered the questionnaires both before and after psychotherapy. A second sample consisted of 93 clients who specifically sought help for interpersonal problems. Results showed that the level of interpersonal problems before and after psychotherapy changes. This means that individuals after psychotherapy experienced lower degree of interpersonal problems. The results also demonstrated that the link between interpersonal problems such as being vindictive/self-centred, cold/rejecting, socially impaired/introverted and submissive, the more interpersonal problems the lower working alliance estimation. Similar results were found for the group of participants who specifically sought help for interpersonal problems. The results are in line with previous studies where high estimation of interpersonal problems negatively affects the working alliance in psychotherapy. The relationship between interpersonal problems and working alliance needs to be studied further where further analysis of how interpersonal problems and working alliance changes over time in the different psychotherapy methods of cognitive behavioural therapy and psychodynamic therapy.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka interpersonell problematik och dess relation till arbetsallians i psykoterapi. För att besvara de aktuella frågeställningarna användes data från Umeå och Lunds universitets psykologmottagnings klientdatabas, där klienter besvarat självskattaningsskalorna i Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex scales och Working Alliance Inventory. Den totala urvalsgruppen bestod av 201 där dessa deltagare svarat på både för och eftermätning. En andra urvalsgrupp som bestod av 93 klienter som specifikt sökt för interpersonella problem. Resultat påvisade att graden av interpersonell problematik före och efter psykoterapi, detta innebär att individer efter terapi upplever lägre grad av interpersonellproblematik. Resultaten påvisade även samband mellan Interpersonella problem såsom att vara hämndlysten/självupptagen, kall/avvisande, socialt hämmad/introvert och undfallande och arbetsallians på det sättet att ju mer interpersonell problematik, desto lägre allians skattning. Liknande resultat påvisades för den grupp av deltagare som specifikt sökt för interpersonell problematik. Resultaten går i linje med tidigare studier där hög skattning av interpersonell problematik påverkar arbetsalliansen negativt i psykoterapi. Relationen mellan interpersonell problematik och arbetsallians behöver studeras ytterligare där vidare analys om hur interpersonell problematik och arbetsallians förändras över tid inom de olika psykoterapimetoderna kognitivbeteende terapi och psykodynamisk terapi var för sig.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 12 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104210OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104210DiVA: diva2:818271
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2015-06-15 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
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Output format
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