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Factors associated to physical and sexual violence against women in Brazil: A Literature Review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Violence against women has happened for a long time. However this discussion has been brought up and located into the global agenda especially during the last two decades. Nowadays, violence against women is recognized as a public health problem and a violation of women´s rights. According to WHO report on “Prevalence of violence against women throughout the countries”, around 35% of women in the world have undergone or experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate or non-intimate partner. Although there are many kinds of violence, physical and sexual are the most commons. This literature review aims: 1)to  explore and identify the factors associated to physical and sexual violence against women in Brazil and 2) to provide an overview of recent research literature that has examined the factors associated to violence against women in Brazil. Material and Methods: the literature search was conducted  in two major online databases relevant to the Latin-American context, PubMed and BIREME (Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information, Brazil). Target population was women during childhood, adolescence, adulthood and elderly, except during the antenatal or immediate postnatal period in Brazil. A total of 15articles were included in this review after exclusion of 109 articles in the first and second screening. Results: The factors associated to physical and sexual violence against women in Brazil were 1) age 2) gender equity issues 3) low education 4) being in relationship  5) unemployment; 6) marital status: being separated or divorced 7) relationship victim-aggressor 8) history of violence in the family 9) family unstructured psychological profile 10) number of members  in the house 11) low socioeconomic status 12) alcohol and drugs misuse 13) extra-conjugal relations 14) aggressor´s aggressive and controlling behaviour 15) permissive attitudes towards VAW and 16) Catholicism (acting as a protective factor). Conclusion: this review showed the need for more research on the topic, most specific on child, adolescent abuse and elderly abuse where there is still a gap in knowledge due to under-report. Key words: factors associated; physical violence; sexual violence; children; adolescents; women; elderly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 39 p.
Series
, Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2015:16
Keyword [en]
factors associated; physical violence; sexual violence; children; adolescents; women; elderly
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104334DiVA: diva2:819076
External cooperation
CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasilia – DF, Zip Code 70.040-020
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health (one-year)
Presentation
2015-05-26, Umeå, 00:04 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2016-04-07Bibliographically approved

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ReferencesLink to record
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