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Reproductive health policy in Tunisia (1994-2014): Impact on women's right to reproductive health and gender empowerment
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Tunisia was regarded as a pioneer in adopting a successful population policy in North Africa and the Middle East region. The Tunisian official family planning program started in 1966 with an objective of controlling population growth. After the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994, there was a shift in the Tunisian population policy as the concept of reproductive health was introduced for the first time in national health programs and strategies.

Methods: The thesis is a policy analysis of the reproductive health policy in Tunisia from a human rights based approach using the Health Rights of Women Assessment Instrument (HeRWAI). The analysis focuses on the impact of this policy on women’s right to reproductive health and gender empowerment.

Results: The results revealed that Tunisia has started adopting laws promoting for reproductive rights since 1960s, in the form of the right to contraceptive use and the right to abortion. However, slow progress has been made since the ICPD conference in 1994. Furthermore,   significant limitations were found in the implementation of reproductive health policy in relation to women’s right to reproductive health: regional inequities in women’s access to reproductive health care services, discriminatory practices affecting single women and HIV patients, low quality of maternal care services and delay in the integration of the gender-based violence component into the reproductive health care services. The thesis also found that there was a lack of meaningful engagement in action to achieve gender equality in Tunisia. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 37 p.
, Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2015:13
Keyword [en]
reproductive health, reproductive rights, gender empowerment, right to reproductive health, women's rights
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104351OAI: diva2:819207
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
2015-05-25, Umeå, 13:14 (English)
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2016-04-07Bibliographically approved

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