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Social Networks and Behavioural Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases in India: Disparities in men and women aged 50 years and above
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Rapid acceleration of aging population and concomitant non-communicable diseases are the challenging problems of India. Controlling the behavioural risk factors of NCDs in older people is urgently needed.

Aim: To assess the association between social networks and common behavioural risk factors of non-communicable diseases among men and women aged 50 years and above in India.

Methods: Cross-sectional study using secondary data from WHO SAGE for India (n=6359) were analysed. Social Network Index was constructed as main exposure. Socio-demographic and economic factors were other covariates. Current daily tobacco use, current alcohol drinking, physical inactivity and insufficient fruit and vegetable intake were outcomes. Associations were analysed by univariable and multivariable logistic regressions.

Results: Current daily tobacco use and current alcohol drinking were not associated with the social networks. However, in physical inactivity, poor and very poor social networks showed significant associations (Adjusted OR=2.23 and 2.53) respectively. Insufficient fruit and vegetable intake was consistently and significantly associated with all social networks (Adjusted OR=1.49, 1.66, 2.38 and 2.82). Interaction by sex was clearly seen in the stratified analyses. The current daily tobacco use and current alcohol drinking were not significantly associated with all social networks for both sexes but still discrepancies occurred within men and women. Physical inactivity was significantly associated with poor and very poor social networks in women (Adjusted OR=2.18 and 2.65), but not in men. Only in the insufficient fruit and vegetable intake, social networks were associated with higher odds in both women and men, however, significant in poor and good social networks respectively (Adjusted OR=3.13 and 1.83).

Conclusions: Tobacco and alcohol consumptions were not associated with social networks. The poorer the social network, the higher the probability of the physical inactivity and insufficient fruit and vegetable intake. It was true for women, but not for men.

Key Words: Older, Non-communicable Diseases, Tobacco, Alcohol, Physical Inactivity, Fruit and Vegetable, Social Networks, SAGE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 56 p.
Series
, Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2015:37
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104394OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104394DiVA: diva2:819382
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2015-05-26, Umeå, 12:42 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-04-15 Created: 2015-06-10 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved

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