Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Stressful life events and the onset of asthma
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, E-ISSN 1399-3003, Vol. 37, no 6, 1360-1365 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The status of stressful life events as a risk factor for asthma is unclear and may be dependent on pre-existing allergic rhinitis. This study examined whether exposure to stressful life events predicted the onset of asthma in adults. This is a prospective, population-based cohort study of 16,881 males and females, aged 20-54 yrs and free of diagnosed asthma at the beginning of the follow-up (January 1, 2004). Data about stressful life events were gathered with a postal survey. The onset of asthma was ascertained through national registers until December 31, 2005. During the follow-up period, 192 incident cases of asthma were identified. High total exposure to stressful life events, as indicated by a cumulative severity score, predicted the onset of asthma (hazard ratio 1.96, 95% CI 1.22-3.13). This association was robust to adjustment for demographics, smoking and having a cat/dog at home and it was observed both among those with and without allergic rhinitis at baseline. Of the 10 most stressful life events, the illness of a family member, marital problems, divorce or separation and conflicts with a supervisor were associated with the onset of asthma. Our study suggests that stressful life events may increase the onset of asthma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 37, no 6, 1360-1365 p.
Keyword [en]
Asthma, asthma epidemiology, asthma onset, stressful life events
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104854DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00164609ISI: 000291152200008PubMedID: 21030455OAI: diva2:822213
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Virtanen, Pekka
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine
In the same journal
European Respiratory Journal
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyNursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 18 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link