Boundary-Layer Effect in Composite Beams with Interlayer Slip
2011 (English)In: Journal of Aerospace Engineering, ISSN 0893-1321, Vol. 24, no 2, 199-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An apparent analytical peculiarity or paradox in the bending behavior of elastic-composite beams with interlayer slip, sandwich beams, or other similar problems subjected to boundary moments exists. For a fully composite beam subjected to such end moments, the partial composite model will render a nonvanishing uniform value for the normal force in the individual subelement. This is from a formal mathematical point of view in apparent contradiction with the boundary conditions, in which the normal force in the individual subelement usually is assumed to vanish at the extremity of the beam. This mathematical paradox can be explained with the concept of boundary layer. The bending of the partially composite beam expressed in dimensionless form depends only on one structural parameter related to the stiffness of the connection between the two subelements. An asymptotic method is used to characterize the normal force and the bending moment in the individual subelement to this dimensionless connection parameter. The outer expansion that is valid away from the boundary and the inner expansion valid within the layer adjacent to the boundary (beam extremity) are analytically given. The inner and outer expansions are matched by using Prandtl's matching condition over a region located at the edge of the boundary layer. The thickness of the boundary layer is the inverse of the dimensionless connection parameter. Finite-element results confirm the analytical results and the sensitivity of the bending solution to the mesh density, especially in the edge zone with stress gradient. Finally, composite beams with interlayer slip can be treated in the same manner as nonlocal elastic beams. The fundamental differential equation appearing in the constitutive law associated with the partial-composite action in a nonlocal elasticity framework is discussed. Such an integral formulation of the constitutive equation encompassing the behavior of the whole of the beam allows the investigation of the mechanical problem with the boundary-element method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 24, no 2, 199-209 p.
Composite beams, Sandwich beams, Partial interaction, Interlayer slip, Boundary layer, Asymptotic method, Nonlocal mechanics, Green operator
Composite Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-104466DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000027ISI: 000289690900009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-104466DiVA: diva2:822313