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Bergets mekaniska hållfasthet i Aitikgruvan
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Throughout the years the mining company Boliden Mineral AB have had difficulties producing a working fine filter for their tailing pond at the Aitik copper mine. The problem with the fine filter occurs when it gets placed on the tailing pond wall. Coarse grains break down into fine grains and the entire composition of the fine filter is changed. The material that is used to produce the fine filter comes from the mine’s own waste rock supply. The primary waste rock in Aitik comprises of heterogeneous gneiss and pegmatite. To determine why the waste rock isn’t holding together well enough the mechanical strength of the rock is investigated. Huge differences for the mechanical strength both exist between the different rock types, but also in the different kinds of the gneiss. The effect of the explosions, used to mine the ore, and the crushing machine also impacts on the mechanical strength of the rock. Good mechanical strength is found in rock that has a high amount of secondary transformation like epidote and bad mechanical strength from foliated rock. To get the best mechanical properties it is suggested to exploit epidote transformed rock found in deformation zones, adjacent to the ore deposit or the pegmatite intrusions. It is also recommended to use less powerful charge when blasting rock material that will be used for production of the fine filter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Aitik mine, Fine filter, Mechanical strength, Waste rock
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105060OAI: diva2:823068
External cooperation
Boliden Mineral AB, Aitik
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Biology and Earthscience
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2015-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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