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Kan MediYoga vara ett komplement till patientundervisning vid behandling av Irritable Bowel Syndrome, avseende symtom och livskvalitet?: En Pilotstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att undersöka om medicinsk yoga, MediYoga, var en fungerande behandlingsmetod som komplement till patientundervisning, IBS-skola, vid behandling av patienter med Irritable bowel syndrom (IBS), avseende symtom och livskvalitet. MediYoga som behandlingsform för patienter med IBS hade inte studerats tidigare.Metod: Studien, med pilotdesign, inkluderade ett konsekutivt urval forskningspersoner (fp) bland de patienter som påbörjade IBS- skola. För att delta i studien skulle fp ha en diagnostiserad IBS och förstå svenska i tal och skrift. De med andra diagnostiserade orsaker till magsmärta exkluderades.Två diagnosspecifika frågeformulär användes, IBS-SSS, för symtomförändring och IBS-QOL för upplevd livskvalitet. Fp besvarade frågeformulären vid IBS-skolans start och vid IBS-skolans slut. Därefter påbörjades intervention med MediYoga av de som frivilligt valde att delta. MediYogan bestod av fem tillfällen, en gång i veckan. De som endast valde IBS-skola utgjorde en kontrollgrupp. Efter att MediYogan slutförts kallades alla fp till ett uppföljningstillfälle, där de fick besvara frågeformulären en tredje gång.Resultat: Det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan grupperna vid IBS-skolans start eller IBS-skolan slut. Däremot, när grupperna jämfördes vid uppföljnings- tillfället, fanns en signifikant förbättring för interventionsgruppen avseende livskvalitet (p = 0,036), och på gränsen till signifikant avseende minskade IBS symtom (p = 0,051).Slutsats: Intervention med tillägg av MediYoga efter IBS-skola gav förbättringar i form av minskade IBS-symtom och ökad livskvalitet. Få deltagare medför att resultatet bör tolkas med försiktighet, därmed är det av intresse med en större studie på MediYoga för patienter med IBS.

Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether medical yoga, “MediYoga”, was an effective method of treatment as a complement to patient education, IBS-school, in the treatment of patients with Irritable bowel syndrom, (IBS) for symtoms and quality of life. MediYoga as a treatment for patients with IBS had not been investigated previously.Methods: This pilot design included a consecutive sample of participants that took place at a clinic in Stockholm among patients enrolled in patient education "IBS school”. The included participants in this study had a diagnosed IBS and understood Swedish in speech and writing. Those diagnosed for other causes of abdominal pain were excluded. Two diagnosis-specific questionnaires were used, the IBS-SSS, measure for symptoms change and IBS-QOL for perceived quality of life. The measurements where assessed when IBS school started and after completed the school. Thereafter the intervention by Medi Yoga initiated by those who voluntarily chose to participate. MediYoga consisted of five occasions, once a week. Those who only participated in the IBS school constituted a control group. When MediYoga sessions where completed summoned all participants to a follow-up occasion, where measurements were assessed a third and final time.Results: There was no significant difference between groups at start, or end of IBS-school. However, when comparing the groups at follow-up time, there was a significant improvement for the intervention group regarding quality of life (p = 0.036), and on the verge of significant decreased IBS symptoms (p = 0.051).Conclusion: The intervention with the addition of MediYoga following IBS school provides improvements in terms of reducing IBS-symtoms and improved quality of life. Few participants mean that the results should be interpreted with caution, consequently it is of interest to a larger study on MediYoga for patients with IBS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 30 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105303DiVA: diva2:824512
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Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2015-10-14Bibliographically approved

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