Neural retina identity is specified by lens-derived BMP signals
2015 (English)In: Development, ISSN 0950-1991, E-ISSN 1477-9129, Vol. 142, no 10, 1850-1859 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The eye has served as a classical model to study cell specification and tissue induction for over a century. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the induction and maintenance of eye-field cells, and the specification of neural retina cells are poorly understood. Moreover, within the developing anterior forebrain, how prospective eye and telencephalic cells are differentially specified is not well defined. In the present study, we have analyzed these issues by manipulating signaling pathways in intact chick embryo and explant assays. Our results provide evidence that at blastula stages, BMP signals inhibit the acquisition of eye-field character, but from neural tube/optic vesicle stages, BMP signals from the lens are crucial for the maintenance of eye-field character, inhibition of dorsal telencephalic cell identity and specification of neural retina cells. Subsequently, our results provide evidence that a Rax2-positive eye-field state is not sufficient for the progress to a neural retina identity, but requires BMP signals. In addition, our results argue against any essential role of Wnt or FGF signals during the specification of neural retina cells, but provide evidence that Wnt signals together with BMP activity are sufficient to induce cells of retinal pigment epithelial character. We conclude that BMP activity emanating from the lens ectoderm maintains eye-field identity, inhibits telencephalic character and induces neural retina cells. Our findings link the requirement of the lens ectoderm for neural retina specification with the molecular mechanism by which cells in the forebrain become specified as neural retina by BMP activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Company of Biologists LTD , 2015. Vol. 142, no 10, 1850-1859 p.
BMP, chick, development, eye, lens, neural retina
Cell and Molecular Biology Developmental Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105258DOI: 10.1242/dev.123653ISI: 000355208600014PubMedID: 25968316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105258DiVA: diva2:824671