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The Frequency of Behaviour Change Techniques in Exercise Applications
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Applikationer för smarta telefoner kan påverka våra beteenden gällande fysisk aktivitet.

Användningen av beteendeförändringstekniker i dessa applikationer är relativt outforskade.

Syfte: Syftet var att identifiera och kategorisera förekomsten av specifika beteende förändrings tekniker i de 20 vanligaste träningsapplikationer för Apple iOS i Sverige. Även om det fanns specifika Behaviour Change Techniques anpassade för äldre.

Metod: 20 applikationer valdes ut från 15o toplistan av hälsa och fitness applikationer, tio gratis och tio betal applikationer. Behaviour Change Techniques-taxonomin användes för att identifiera och koda. Även tre spel applikationer studerades.

Resultat: Det fanns  ingen skillnad i antal specifika Behaviour Change Techniques mellan gratis och betal applikationer p=0,760 och det fanns inte heller något samband mellan pris och antal specifika Behaviour Change Techniques p=0,333 r=0,306. Fem av de 16 Behaviour Change Techniques  kategorierna förekom mer frekvent i applikationerna i en jämn fördelning mellan gratis och betal p=0,211-1,0. Vanligaste använda specifika Behaviour Change Techniques var: body changes, feedback on behaviour, social support (unspecified), demonstration of the behaviour och instruction on how to perform the behaviour. 60,8% av alla applikationer innehöll specifika Behaviour Change Techniques för ökad fysisk aktivitet och 30% tekniker för ökad self-efficacy i träning för äldre.

Konklusion: Gratis applikationer kan vara likvärdiga som betal applikationer när det gäller presentation av specika Behaviour Change Techniques och Behaviour Change Technique grupper. De studerade applikationerna innehöll specifika Behaviour Change Techniques som kan främja fysisk aktivitet bland populationen. Detta öppnar upp nya möjligheter för fysioterapeuter att använda sig av tränings applikationer i smarta telefoner som ett instrument för att främja fysisk aktivitet.  

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Smartphone applications may have an impact on our physical activity behaviour, The use of Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) in these applications is relatively unexplored.

Aim: The purpose was to identify and categorize the presence of specific Behaviour Change Techniques in 20 most common exercise applications available for Apple iOS in Sweden. Also if there are specific Behaviour Change Techniques for older people.

Method: 20 applications were selected from the 150 toplist of health and fitness applications. The Behaviour Change Techniques-taxonomy was used to identify and code 10 free and 10 pay applications. Three game applications were also studied.

Results: No difference was found in the amount of specific Behaviour Change Techniques between the free and pay applications p=0,760. There was no correlation between price and specific Behaviour Change Techniques p=0,333 r=0,306.  Five of the 16 Behaviour Change Techniques groups were more commonly used with a even distribution between free and pay applications p=0,211 – 1, 0. Most commonly used specific Behaviour Change Techniques were: body changes, feedback on behaviour, social support (unspecified), demonstration of the behaviour and instruction on how to perform the behaviour. 60,8% of all applications included specific BCTs for increasing physical activity among older people and 30% included specific Behaviour Change Techniques for increasing self-efficacy in relation to exercise for this group.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that free applications could be as good as pay applications when it comes to the presentation of specific Behaviour Change Techniques and Behaviour Change Technique groups. The applications studied include specific Behaviour Change Techniques that could promote physical activity among the population. This opens new possibilities for physical therapist whom could use exercise applications in smartphones as a instrument to promote physical activity.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Behaviour change techniques, physical activity, motivation, applications, smartphones, older people, gamification
Keyword [sv]
Beteendeförändringtekniker, fysisk aktivitet, motivation, applikationer, smarta telefoner, äldre, spelifiering
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105503DiVA: diva2:825945
Educational program
Master's Programme in Physiotherapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-06 Created: 2015-06-24 Last updated: 2015-08-06Bibliographically approved

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