Social mobility and circular moves: Residential mobility in Stockholm, Sweden
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This study explores the process of middle-class leakage and neighborhood circulation in the departure of individuals from relatively low-income neighborhoods in Stockholm, Sweden. Utilizing event history analysis, the study follows a cohort of individuals who moved out of a low-income neighborhood in 2001 to determine their probability of returning to a low-income neighborhood. It was found that one-third of the cohort had returned to a low-income neighborhood by 2010, and most individuals who returned did so within the first few years of leaving. Selective mobility characteristics among those who return is marked by lower income, lower education, higher rates of mobility, and being an immigrant from the Global South. Two effects from income are detected. The first is that income not only acts as a significant factor in the odds of returning to a low-income neighborhood, but the individuals who return start off with lower incomes compared to others in the cohort who remain in higher-income neighborhoods. And the second is that the income growth of individuals who return rises faster than the average income of the low-income neighborhoods, suggesting the circular moves are part of a larger mobility history and not necessarily a low-income trap. Incorporating duration and repeated events in residential mobility and neighborhood studies is important for research on the effects of neighborhood characteristics, and also for those steering urban policy to better understanding the individual mobility decisions of residents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 50 p.
residential mobility, neighborhood, inequality, event history analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105530DiVA: diva2:826321
Master's Program in Spatial Planning and Development
Lundholm, Emma, Associate Professor at Department of Geography and Economic History
Holm, Einar, Professor, senior at Department of Geography and Economic History