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Papperslösas rätt till vård: En kvantitativ studie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Papperslösa personer i Sverige är en grupp som inte har laglig rätt till vård på samma villkor som resten av befolkningen i landet. Otydlighet i lagen och brist på kunskap hos vårdpersonal resulterar i en situation där papperslösa personer stöter på hinder för att få tillgång till den vård de har rätt till.Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva kunskap och informationsbehov hos vårdpersonal på hälsocentraler och akutmottagning i Umeå kommun gällande papperslösa personers rättigheter till vård utifrån svensk lagstiftning.Metod: En empirisk studie med kvantitativ ansats och deskriptiv design där en enkät har delats ut till vårdpersonal på akutmottagningen samt på hälsocentraler i Umeå kommun.Resultat: 65,8% hade mött papperslös person som sökt vård. 39,7% upplevde god kännedom om de rättigheter lagen gav. 38,2% upplevde sig tillräckligt informerad i frågan på arbetsplatsen. 75% upplevde sig behöva mer utbildning i frågan. 66,2% upplevde det fanns rutiner i frågan. 57,4% upplevde sin kunskap tillräcklig för god och lagenlig vård. 39,7% erfor förekomsten av en diskussion i frågan på arbetsplatsen. 44,5% ansåg sig kunna bedöma "vård som inte kan anstå". 61,8% upplevde trygghet i mötet med papperslösa. 5,9% ansåg det rimligt att kontakta polis. 64,7% upplevde sig ej skyldig att kontakta polis.Konklusion: Majoriteten hade erfarenhet av möten med papperslösa. Cirka en tredjedel kände inte till lagen 2013:407. En stor del visste inte vilka rättigheter lagen gav papperslösa eller om sekretessen gäller sådana patienter. Självskattad förmåga att ge lagenlig vård låg var betydligt högre. Flertalet ansåg arbetsplatsen ha rutiner gällande papperslösa. En majoritet upplevde sig ej ha fått tillräckligt med information i frågan på arbetsplatsen och ansåg sig behöva mer utbildning.

Abstract [en]

Background: Undocumented migrants in Sweden are a group that does not have the same legal right to health care as other citizens in the nation. Ambiguity in the law and the lack of knowledge among health care staff has led to a situation where undocumented migrants run into obstacles to get access to the care they are entitled to.Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the knowledge and information needs among health care staff at the health centres and the emergency room in the municipality of Umeå concerning the right to health care for undocumented migrants according to swedish law.Method: This empirical study has a quantitative approach with a descriptive design. A survey was handed out to health care staff at the emergency room and health care centres in the municipality of Umeå.Result: 65,8% had experience of undocumented migrants seeking care. 39,7% percieved they had good knowledge of the rights the law afforded. 38,2% percieved they were adequately informed on the matter in the workplace. 75% percieved they need more education in the matter. 66,2% percieved there to be routines in the matter. 57,4% percieved their knowledge adequate for good and lawful care. 39,7% percieved the existence of discussion on the matter in the workplace. 44,5% felt they could assess "care that cannot be deferred". 61,8% percieved a sense of security in meeting undocumented migrants. 5,9% deemed it reasonable to contact law enforcement. 64,7% did not believe themselves to be bound by law to contact law enforcement.Conclusion: The majority had experience with meeting undocumented migrants. Approx. one third had no knowledge of the law 2013:407. Many did not know what rights the law afforded to undocumented migrants or if confidentiality applied to such patients. Self-assessed ability to provide lawful care rated considerably higher. Most found the workplace to have routines related to undocumented migrants. A majority considered they had not recieved enough information on the workplace in the matter and felt in need of more education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
undocumented migrants, care that cannot be deferred, quantitative method, health care staff knowledge
Keyword [sv]
papperslösa, vård som inte kan anstå, kvantitativ metod, vårdpersonals kunskap
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105632DiVA: diva2:827209
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-08-10 Created: 2015-06-26 Last updated: 2015-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Papperslösas rätt till vård(665 kB)225 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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