Family Life Course and the Timing of Women's Retirement: a Sequence Analysis Approach
2015 (English)In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 21, no 8, 856-871 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Based on longitudinal data from national Swedish registers, family life courses dynamics for all women born 1935 in Sweden are explored for the period 1990-2006. Focusing primarily on the existence and geographical proximity to parents, children and grandchildren, assuming that the family life courses affect the life situation as well as strategic decisions, this longitudinal study uses a holistic approach, analysing how different types of family life courses are associated with socio-economic conditions as well as with the timing of retirement. The primary task was not to identify the causal determinants of work life exit, but rather to unfold how retirement transition is entwined into the different types of family life courses, whereby retirement and family ageing are different sides of a multifaceted transition period. By using sequence analysis, the family life courses were structured into sequences and durations of states and different family life course categories were identified.
The sequence analyses reveal a complex relation between retirement decisions and having family members around. Early retirement was associated with a category with few relatives but also with a category with two younger generations present, while we found no strong association with early retirement for categories in which the old generation was around for a longer period. Late retirement was associated with belonging to categories characterized by late family formation and having children at home. These differences in retirement behaviour were also significant when controlling for education level, marital status and type of region in a Cox regression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 21, no 8, 856-871 p.
family life course; family networks; intergeneration; retirement; sequence analysis
Human Geography Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject Social and Economic Geography; Statistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105426DOI: 10.1002/psp.1950ISI: 000364638500013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105426DiVA: diva2:827645
ProjectsCentre for Demographic and Ageing Research / Ageing and Living Conditions Programme
FunderSwedish Research Council, 349-2008-6592Swedish Research Council, 839-2008-7491Swedish Research Council, 2008-28784-63564-191