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Tillsammans gör vi det möjligt: Att främja skolnärvaro för elever inom autismspektrumtillstånd
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att förstå hur några skolprojekt har arbetat för att främja skolnärvaro för elever inom autismspektrumtillstånd. Som metod användes kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta informanter i fem kommuner som på något sätt arbetar med skolprojekt med fokus på inkludering och skolfrånvaro. Informanterna som deltog i studien var tre specialpedagoger, en speciallärare, två rektorer, en kurator och en rådgivare från specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten. De fem skolprojekten som informanterna arbetade med, omfattade 137 skolor i Sverige. Ett projekt var inriktat mot det förebyggande arbetet att skapa en tillgänglig skola för elever inom autismspektrumtillstånd. Fyra projekt utgick både från förebyggande insatser och att få tillbaka elever med hög skolfrånvaro till skolan. Resultatet visade på att det behövs mer kunskap om autism för att skapa en skola som är tillgänglig för elever inom autismspektrumtillstånd. Det behövs kartläggning av elevens behov, anpassad lärmiljö och social träning. Stort fokus behöver läggas på skapandet av relation och bemötande av elev och problematik. Projekten har upprättat handlingsplaner för att uppmärksamma skolfrånvaro i ett tidigt skede. På så vis kan orsak till frånvaro snabbare utredas och åtgärdas vilket besparar eleven mycket lidande. Det som genomsyrar arbetet är hur kunskap och samverkan mellan olika samverkanspartner kan främja skolnärvaro.

Abstract [en]

The study aims to understand how some school project has worked to promote school attendance for students with autism spectrum disorders. The applied method for this study is qualitative interviews and eight people have been interviewed from five different municipalities, all involved in school projects focusing on inclusion and absenteeism. Three of the informants that participated in the study were special pedagogues, one was a specialneeds teacher, two were principals, one was a counselor, and one was an adviser at Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten (The Authority of Special Needs Education). The five projects that the informants were involved in covered 137 schools in Sweden. One of the projects was focused on preventive measures to create a school accessible for students with autism related difficulties. Four projects aimed to both prevent students from being absent from school and for absentees to return to school. The results shows that schools need more knowledge about autism related difficulties in order to create a school that is accessible for these students. First, schools need better routines for assessing students’ needs, second the learning environment in the classroom must be adapted more efficiently for students with autism related difficulties and their needs, and last the students must be given the chance to work on their social skills. The focus must be on building relationships to the students. This in order to meet the students’ needs so that measures taken will be beneficial for the students.The schools in the study have written routines in order to detect absenteeism at an early stamge. These routines aim to identify the reason for absenteeism early on and quickly find measures to support the student and spare them a lot of suffering. Success factors in this work is how knowledge and collaboration between different interaction partners can promote school attendance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
school absenteeism, collaboration, participation, learning environment, routines.
Keyword [sv]
skolfrånvaro, samverkan, delaktighet, lärmiljö, handlingsplan
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105699DiVA: diva2:827653
Subject / course
Examensarbete Specialpedagogprogrammet
Educational program
Special Edcation Programme
Available from: 2015-06-29 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2015-06-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Tillsammans gör vi det möjligt(1649 kB)466 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf