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Psykologprogramstudenters nivåer av upplevd self-efficacy, KASAM och framtidsoptimism under olika faser i utbildningen
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Psykisk ohälsa blir allt vanligare bland svenskar och ökar i synnerhet hos yngre vuxna – men hur kommer det sig att majoriteten fortfarande är friska? Syftet med denna studie var att kartlägga nivåerna av upplevd self-efficacy (SE), känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), respektive framtidsoptimism (FO) hos Umeå Universitets psykologprogramstudenter. Studien undersökte även om det fanns några könsrelaterade skillnader i de tre beroendevariablerna, samt jämförde studenternas skattningar med värden från liknande svenska undersökningar. Resultatet visade att studenter i början av programmet skattar lägre nivåer av både SE och KASAM än de som befann sig i mitten, respektive slutet av utbildningen. Det fanns ingen signifikant könsskillnad. Jämförelserna påvisade en signifikant skillnad mellan psykologprogramstudenterna och deltagarna i tidigare studier. Studenterna skattade lägre nivåer på skalorna än åldersblandade urval, vilket troligtvis beror på att skattningarna tenderar att bli högre med stigande ålder och att rollen som student – i synnerhet när den är ny – kan innebära ökad osäkerhet och påfrestningar.

Abstract [en]

Mental health problems are becoming more common in the Swedish population, particularly among young adults - but how come the majority is still healthy? The purpose of this study was to map out the levels of perceived self-efficacy (SE), sense of coherence (SOC), and future oriented optimism (FO) of the students studying the psychologist program at Umeå University. The study also examined gender differences, and compared the students' estimates with values from similar Swedish studies. The results showed that students in the beginning of the program estimated lower levels of both SE and SOC than those who found themselves in the middle, and the end. There were no significant gender differences. The comparisons showed a significant difference between the psychologist students and participants in the other studies. The students estimated lower levels than did people with mixed ages, which is probably due to phenomenon that the estimates tend to rise with increasing age. Also, the role of being a student - especially when it is new - may involve increased levels of insecurity and stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
SOC, sense of coherence, self-efficacy, future oriented optimism
Keyword [sv]
KASAM, känsla av sammanhang, self-efficacy, framtidsoptimism
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105787DiVA: diva2:828444
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-13 Created: 2015-06-30 Last updated: 2015-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Psykologprogramstudenters nivåer av upplevd self-efficacy, KASAM och framtidsoptimism under olika faser i utbildningen(850 kB)145 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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More languages
Output format
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