Background: A healthy lifestyle is important for preventing diseases and does often lead to a fuller life with more oppurtunities. Health status and the amount of physical activity are factors to take in consideration when it comes to health promotion. According to earlier studies there are differences between urban and rural areas when it comes to these factors. The purpose with this study is to examine possible differences and why they appear.
Method: The number of participants is 61 between the ages 20-65 years, from Jämtland and Västerbotten. The participants have taken part in physical tests, blood samples have been collected and a questionnares have been filled in. The data has been processed in JMP and comparisons has been made between rural and urban population.
Results: In health status, significant differences were found between rural and urban population in total cholesterol (6,2±1,2 vs. 5,3±1,1; p<0,05), VO2max (38,7±8,3 vs. 44,9±12; p<0,05) and systolic pressure (139,4±17,15 vs. 129,3±16,4; p<0,05) respectively. In the amount of physical activity, significant differences were found between urban and rural population in question 24a (54,2% vs. 24,3%; p<0,05), question 24b (29,2% vs. 64,9%; p<0,05), question 15a (19,3±36,3 vs. 86,6±149,4; p<0,05), question 15b (78,6±60,4 vs. 60,9±62,6; p<0,05) and question 40b (8,3% vs. 35,1%; p<0,05).
Conclusion: There are significant results between the two populations but the similairities are greater. Yet, the results can be used in different organizations with health investments.
2015. , 26 p.
2015-06-02, Idrottsmedicinska enheten, Gösta Skoglunds väg 3, Umeå, 13:40 (Swedish)