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Skademekanismer, Riskfaktorer och Prevention för Främre Korsbandsskador inom Fotboll: en Review artikel
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most prevalent injuries among soccer players. The injury could be devastating for athletes, which might lead to drop-out from sports and other serious injuries later on. We found a need to investigate some of the most recent articles of the matter.Purpose: To investigate recent articles regarding injury mechanisms, risk factors and prevention programs for ACL injuries in soccer players.Method: The databases of PubMed, MedLine and CINHAL were searched for relevant articles for this study. The studies were only to investigate ACL injuries in soccer players and had to be published 2005 or later. Studies which investigated more sports than soccer were excluded from our study. All studies were investigated in three steps (Headline, Abstract and Full Text).Results: The results are showing that there are ACL risk factors and injurie mechanics that are prevalent in soccer players, such as hamstring/quadriceps ratio, hip and knee extension and knee valgus. The literature has also revealed that fatigue and visual stimuli also might change the biomechanics of the hip and knee. Prevention programs for ACL injuries seems to reduce the prevalence of ACL injuries in teenagers and adults, but does not have the same effect on kids. Furthermore, prevention programs do not seem to change performance variables in soccer players.Conclusions: According to the studies included in this review, kinematics and kinetics of the knee and hip have a relationship with ACL injuries. Prevention programs seem to have an injury reducing effect on teenagers and adults, but not in children. Further research should focus on investigating mechanisms and risk factors and how they interact with each other. This would create guidelines for prevention programs in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Prevention, Risk Factors, Mechanisms, Soccer.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105931OAI: diva2:838949
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2015-07-02 Created: 2015-07-01 Last updated: 2015-07-02Bibliographically approved

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