Effekt av karbonatisering med biogas på aska från trädbränslen
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of carbonation with biogas on wood ashes (English)
It is essential to reuse- and recycles residues to decrease the amount of deposit materials and reach sustainable energy use. Two ways to work towards this is to recycle wood ashes to the forest as nutrient compensation and extract biogas from combustion of biomass.
The aim with this study was to decide whether wood ashes that been used for biogas upgrading with accelerated carbonation also can be used as a nutrient compensation in the woods according to recommendations from the Swedish Forest Agency (Skogsstyrelsen).
The ashes that were used in this study came from Johan Andersson who works at JTI in Uppsala, who also treated the ashes with biogas. The ashes have, in both untreated and treated condition, been analyzed in this study according to contents of elements, leaching properties, hardening properties and contents of crystalline phases, to evaluate what impact carbonation with biogas has on the ashes.
The accelerated carbonation led to hardening of the ash, and decreased amount of CaO- and increased amount of CaCO3. The CO2-uptake also entails a dilution of the elements, and the content of nutrients and trace elements decreases. However the results show an indication of an uptake of S from the biogas to the ash, since the dilution had a smaller impact on S than the rest of the elements. No conclusions could be made according to what affect carbonation has on the leaching properties.
This study showed that the ashes from biomass incineration that were analyzed in this study can be used both for biogas upgrading and nutrient compensation in the woods; since the results confirm that the ashes that been treated with biogas fulfills all the limits from the Swedish Forest Agency.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Askåterföring, Accelererad karbonatisering, Biogas
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106036OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106036DiVA: diva2:839606
SP Processum AB
Subject / course
Master of Science Programme in Energy Engineering
2015-05-29, 09:00 (Swedish)
Pommer, Linda, Forskningsingenjör
Eklund, Robert, Universitetslektor