Thyroid hormones and adult interpersonal violence among women with borderline personality disorder
2015 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 227, no 2-3, 253-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Elevated T3 levels have been reported in men with antisocial behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between thyroid hormones and expressed adult interpersonal violence in female patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Furthermore, expressed adult interpersonal violence in female BPD patients was compared to healthy female controls. A total of 92 clinically euthyroid women with BPD and 57 healthy women were assessed with the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scales (KIVS). Baseline thyroid function was evaluated by measuring plasma free and bound triiodothyronine (FT3 and T3), thyroxine (FT4 and T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with immunoassays in patients. Plasma cortisol was also measured. Among females with BPD, expressed interpersonal violence as an adult showed a significant positive correlation with the T3 levels. The mean expression of interpersonal violence as an adult was significantly higher in BPD patients as compared to healthy controls. The multiple regression model indicated that two independent predictors of KIVS expressed interpersonal violence as an adult: T3 and comorbid diagnosis of alcohol abuse. Association between T3 levels and violent/aggressive behavior earlier reported exclusively in male samples may be valid also in females with BPD. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 227, no 2-3, 253-257 p.
HPT axis, Thyroid hormones, Aggression, Violence, Stress, Alcohol abuse
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106004DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.025ISI: 000355884500019PubMedID: 25858801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106004DiVA: diva2:840149