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Provider Payment Methods of healthcare service in Vietnam: a literature review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


 Achieving access to basic health care for the entire population without risk of catastrophic expenditure and impoverishment is an important goal for Vietnam’s health system. Provider payment methods (PPM), which is an important component of purchasing and health financing, are powerful tools to promote the health system and achieve health policy objectives. However, the current PPM in Vietnam appears have drawbacks in both framework and arrangement. Reforms  of PPM and the health financing system are required.


 The objective of this study is to identify the PPM mechanism in the health financing system of Vietnam, in order to provide scientific evidences for the reform process.


 A literature review using the search terms “Vietnam “, “provider payment method”, “purchasing” and “health financing” is carried out in different databases:  Pubmed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, World Health Organization (WHO) and Word Bank (WB) library. The reference lists of included studies are also screeedn in the selecting process. Studies are included following criteria 1. Published from 1995 to March of 2015 2. Written in English and 3. Report, analyze PPM evolved in health financing system. Not only articles and papers, reports and books are also included to be reviewed.


  Among 78 papers, reports and books primarily, only 10 studies are eligible with 4 studies conducting assessment and 6 studies being reviews. About the structure of PPM, Vietnam operates a mixed system which consists of global budget, line item, fee-for-services (FFS)  and capitation.  FFS play the biggest role in the system but also receive the most critical assessments. Capitation, which has evolved since 2005, is far from the success found in other coountries. There are 2 purchaser contributed in system, Vietnam social security (VSS) and Ministry of health (MOH).  The suggestion for developing the mix of system of capitation and fee for services or transforming FFS to the capitation and case-based payment system are discussed.


  There is a limited number of PPM in Vietnam and it is necessary to implement more empirical studies such as pilot study for different new scenarios of mixing PPM  as well as evaluation studies to find the best reform process in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 34 p.
, Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2015:39
Keyword [en]
Health financing, provider payment method, Vietnam, review
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106305OAI: diva2:840976
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
2015-05-25, 16:32 (English)
Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2015-07-09 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved

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