Poly-L-D-lactic acid scaffold in the repair of porcine knee cartilage lesions.
2007 (English)In: Tissue engineering, ISSN 1076-3279, E-ISSN 1557-8690, Vol. 13, no 6, 1347-1355 p., 17518746Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Articular cartilage injuries cause a major clinical problem because of the negligible repair capacity of cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte transplantation is a surgical method developed to repair cartilage lesions. In the operation, cartilage defect is covered with a periosteal patch and the suspension of cultured autologous chondrocytes is injected into the lesion site. The method can form good repair tissue, but new techniques are needed to make the operation easier and to increase the postoperative biomechanical properties of the repair tissue. In this study, we investigated poly-L,D-lactic acid (PLDLA) scaffolds alone or seeded with autologous chondrocytes in the repair of circular 6-mm cartilage lesions in immature porcine knee joints. Spontaneous repair was used as a reference. Histologic evaluation of the repair tissue showed that spontaneous repair exhibited higher scores than either PLDLA scaffold group (with or without seeded chondrocytes). The scaffold material was most often seen embedded in the subchondral bone underneath the defect area, probably because of the hardness of the PLDLA material. However, some of the cell-seeded and nonseeded scaffolds contained cartilaginous tissue, suggesting that invasion of mesenchymal cells inside nonseeded scaffolds had occurred. Hyaluronan deposited in the scaffold had possibly acted as a chemoattractant for the cell recruitment. In conclusion, the PLDLA scaffold material used in this study was obviously mechanically too hard to be used for cartilage repair in immature animals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mary Ann Liebert, 2007. Vol. 13, no 6, 1347-1355 p., 17518746
Articular cartilage, cartilage repair, biomaterial, pig, polylactide, cell transplantation
Orthopedics Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject cellforskning; Orthopaedics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106633DOI: 10.1089/ten.2006.0347PubMedID: 17518746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-106633DiVA: diva2:843084